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The Enlightenment

CONTENT: What do you see?

FORM: The details (what you see more exactly). How the artist delivers the content.

CONTEXT: Everything NOT observable.

FUNCTION: The intended purpose of the work.









APAH 250 Images:
101. The Swing, Jean Honoré Fragonard
98. The Tete a Tete (from Marriage a la Mode), William Hogarth
100. A Philosopher Giving a Lecture on the Orrery, Joseph Wright of Derby


APAH 250 Images:
103. The Oath of the Horatii, Jacques-Louis David
105. Self Portrait, Elisabeth Louise Vigee Le Brun
107. Le Grande Odalisque, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
102.  Monticello, Thomas Jefferson
104. George Washington, Jean-Antoine Houdon
Enlightenment/NeoClassicism Unit Sheet Part 1
Enlightenment/NeoClassicism Unit Sheet Part 1


Romanticism Unit Sheet Part 2
APAH 250 Images:
106. And There's Nothing to Be Done (Y no hai remedio), Francisco de Goya
The Third of May 1808, Francisco de Goya
Raft of the MedusaThéodore Géricault
108. Liberty Leading the People, Eugene Delacroix
111. Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On), Joseph Mallord William Turner
The Haywain, John constable
109.  The Oxbow, Thomas Cole
Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, Albert Bierstadt
Twilight in the Wilderness, Frederic Church
112. Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament)
Romanticism Unit Sheet Part 2

Key Ideas: Rococo

  • 1700-1750
  • Shift of power to the aristocrats paralleled in Baroque and Rococo.
  • French Royal Academy set the taste for art in Paris
  • Strong Satirical paintings
  • Epitome: paintings that show aristocratic people enjoying leisures
  • Rococo comes from the French words rocaille and coquilles. Rocaillemeans stone and coquilles means shells. So "rococo" is a combination of the two French words, thus meaning "stone shells".AP

Key Ideas: Neoclassicism 
(the start of the Enlightenment)

  • 1750-1815
  • Enlightenment brought about the rejection of royal and aristocratic authority
  • Supported by Napoleon in order to associated himself with the successes of the Ancient Roman's Empire.
  • Jacques-Louis David becomes First Painter of Napoleon
  • Neoclassical art was more democratic- themes of courage and patriotism, civil duty
  • Current events depicted have classical influences
  • Late 18th century = Industrial Revolution (cast iron, and carvings from bronze is cheaper than carving marble- Coalbrookedale Bridge)

Key Ideas: Romanticism

  • P.I.N.E. (Past, Irrational/inner-mind, Nature, Exotic/Emotional) 
  • Early- mid 19th century
  • Grande Odalisque is a transition painting
  • Influenced by a sense of individuality and freedom of expression
  • Exploration of the subconscious and dreams/nightmares
  • Feelings/emotions and imagination over reason
  • Landscapes express the Romantic theme of the soul + the natural world
  • Introduction of Photography
  • Revival of Medieval architecture (Houses of Parliament)
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