1600 - 1750 C.E.
Southern, Southern + Northern Aristocratic, Northern Bourgeois
CONTENT: What do you see?
FORM: The details (what you see more exactly). How the artist delivers the content.
CONTEXT: Everything NOT observable.
FUNCTION: The intended purpose of the work.
UNIT SHEET: below
Baroque Unit Sheet Part 1
Baroque Unit Sheet Part 2
Baroque Unit Sheet Part 3
APAH 250 Images:
Southern Baroque Art
85. Calling of Saint Matthew, Caravaggio
* Conversion of St. Paul, Death of the Virgin, Entombment, Caravaggio
82. Il Gesù, including Triumph of the Name of Jesus ceiling fresco
88. San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Francesco Borromini
89. Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, Gian Lorenzo Bernini
* Blessed Ludovica, Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Southern + Northern Aristocratic Baroque
86. Henri IV Receives the Portrait of Marie de'Medici, Peter Paul Rubens
93. The Palace at Versailles
* Hall of Mirrors
* The Gardens of Versailles
Spanish Baroque Art
91. Las Meninas, Diego Velazquez
* Water Carrier
Northern Bourgeois Baroque Art
87. Self-Portrait with Saskia, Rembrandt van Rijn
* Dr. Tulp’s Anatomy Lesson
* Night Watch
92. Woman Holding a Balance, Johannes Vermeer
* The Allegory of the Art of Painting, Vermeer
96. Fruit and Insects, Rachel Ruysch
Art during the Baroque period is influenced by the Counter-Reformation, symbolized the Catholic resurgence (after the Protestant Reformation).
Baroque art flourished in Holland and became of the voice to counter Catholic art.
Baroque can be separated in 2 schools: classicists (influenced by Raphael) and naturalists (inspired by Titian).
Baroque architecture is associated with the grand and majestic royal courts.
The Many Faces of Baroque Art:
Blessed Ludovica, Gian Lorenzo Bernini
SOUTHERN BAROQUE (Italy & Spain):
Conforms to the Counter Reformation Agenda (inviting, inspiring, enticing, exciting)
Caravaggio= Tenebrism - dramatic use of light and shadow (figures emerging from a dark background = heightened tension and emotion)
Breaks away from the refined, Classical, mathematical, and careful,observation of the High Renaissance in favor of heightened emotion and movement, similar to that of theHellenistic Period of Greece
NORTHERN BAROQUE (France, Flanders & Dutch Republic):
For fear of creating idolatrous images Northern patrons prefer more secular subjects: group portraits, still lives, genre, landscapes, moralizing allegories, etc.
more thoughtful and reflective than dramatic
interested in the particular identities or Psychology of Light that surrounds a person and illuminates their soul
Rembrandt- stringy, painterly application of paint