ANCIENT ROME

Monarchy (753 BCE - 509 BCE)

Republic (509 BCE - 27 CE)

Early Empire (27 CE - 96 CE)

High Empire (96 CE - 192 CE)

Late Empire (193 CE - 237 CE)

Pont_du_Gard_BLS
Pont_du_Gard_BLS
39 - House of the Vettii. Pompeii, Italy.jpg
39 - House of the Vettii. Pompeii, Italy.jpg

62 CE

39 - House of the Vettii, Pompeii, Italy - Plan without labels.jpg
39 - House of the Vettii, Pompeii, Italy - Plan without labels.jpg
39 - House of the Vettii frescoes, Pompeii, Italy.jpg
39 - House of the Vettii frescoes, Pompeii, Italy.jpg

4th Style

first style.jpg
first style.jpg
Second Style painting
Second Style painting

Example of Second Style painting, cubiculum (bedroom), Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, 50–40 B.C.E., fresco

3rd style.jpg
3rd style.jpg
40 - Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii.jpg
40 - Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii.jpg
42 - Head of a Roman patrician (2).jpg
42 - Head of a Roman patrician (2).jpg

CONTENT: What do you see?

FORM: The details (what you see more exactly). How the artist delivers the content.

CONTEXT: Everything NOT observable.

FUNCTION: The intended purpose of the work.

Assignments:

READINGS: 

 

UNIT SHEET: below 

 

SNAPSHOT Sheet:

Roman Art/Architecture Unit Sheet

APAH 250 Images:

42. Head of a Roman Patrician 

* Roman Bearing the Busts of his Ancestors

* Pont du Gard, Nimes

40. Alexander Mosaic from the House of the Faun, Pompeii 

39. House of the Vettii 
43. Augustus of Prima Porta 

* Ara Pacis
44. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater) 
45. Forum of Trajan 
46. Pantheon 

47. Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus 

181. Petra, Jordan: Treasury and Great Temple 

exedrae

arch

barrel vault

basilica

catacombs

coffers

buttressing

longitudinal

pilaster

oculus

springing

travertine

appropriation

imagines

clerestory

engaged column

dome

voussoirs

nave

aisles

portico

apse

arcade

amphitheater

forum

fresco

illusionism

veristic/verism

 

Vocabulary:

 

Roman Art & Architecture Unit Sheet:

Roman Art and Context:

Appropriation:     What Greece started, Rome took as their own

Pragmatism:       The greatest good and popular opinion establish

                              the standard of art

Propaganda:        Power and authority of Republicanism and

                              Imperialism

Utilitarianism:      Engineering, road building, public works to

                              manage government and Empire

Eclecticism:         A tolerant and open minded approach to

                             differences

Architecture:       New technological innovations in engineering

                             including arch, dome, vault, concrete

by Timothy B. Lee