(900 - 31 BCE)
Archaic Period: ca. 625-480 B.C.E.
Early Classical Period: ca. 480-450 B.C.E.
High Classical Period: ca. 450-400 B.C.E.
Late Classical Period: ca. 400-330 B.C.E.
Hellenistic Period: ca. 330-31 B.C.E
27. Anavysos Kouros. Archaic Greek. c. 530 B.C.E. Marble with remnants of paint, height 6’4”. National Archaeological Museum, Athens, Greece.
28. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis. Archaic Greek. c. 530 B.C.E. Marble, painted details, height 4’. Akropolis Museum, Athens, Greece.
34. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer). Polykleitos. Original 450–440 B.C.E. Roman copy (marble) of Greek original (bronze). Height 6’11”, tree trunk and brace strut are Roman additions. National Archaeological Museum, Naples, Italy. Other Roman copies: Basalt torso, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy; Copy 120-150 B.C.E., height 6’4”, Pentelic marble, Minneapolis Institute of Art, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
36. Grave stele of Hegeso. Attributed to Kallimachos. c. 410 B.C.E. Marble and paint, 5’2” high. From the Dipylon cemetery, Athens, Greece. National Archaeological Museum, Athens, Greece.
33. Niobides Krater. Anonymous vase painter of Classical Greece known as the Niobid Painter. c. 460–450 B.C.E. Clay, red-figure technique (white highlights) , 21 ¼” x 22”. Musee du Louvre, Paris, France.
CONTENT: What do you see?
FORM: The details (what you see more exactly). How the artist delivers the content.
CONTEXT: Everything NOT observable.
FUNCTION: The intended purpose of the work.
UNIT SHEET: below
Greek Unit Sheet
27. Anavayos Kouros
28. Peplos Kore
Dying Warrior East Pediment Aphaia
Dying Warrior East Pediment Aphaia (archaic)
26. Athenian Agora
33. Niobides Krater
34. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)
36. Grave Stele of Hegeso
35. Acropolis and Parthenon
- Helios, Horses and Dionysus
- Temple of Athena Nike
- Victory adjusting her sandal
- Plaque of the Ergastines
Aphprodite of Knidos
Hermes and Infant Dionysos
37. Nike of Samothrace
38. Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
- Athena (from the Great altar)
- plan of the Great Altar of Zeus and
41. Seated Boxer
Laocoon and His Sons
APAH 250 Images:
Greeks are interested in the human figure and the idea of perfection.
Greek Temples provide a foundation for European architecture and reflects the idea of obtaining perfection with mathematical ratios.
The Greek time period starts at around 900 BCE, about 200 years after the collapse of the Mycenaeans.
In the 5th century, the Greeks defeated the Persians, though it left Athens in ruins (rebuilt by Pericles) - this is the beginning of the Classical time period.
Polykleitos's canon of proportions: The head should be 1/7 of the body. The chiastic stance that expresses the alternating relaxed and stressed muscles.
The Peloponnesian War in 432 BCE (lasted about 27 years) devastated and crushed Athens by the victorious Spartan - this is the beginning of the Hellenistic period.
Alexander the Great took over and united the Macedonians with the Greeks in the 4th century and after his death, his empire gave into Roman rule.
Greek Unit Sheet:
550 BCE- 6th c.
kouroi and korai
The Path of the Greek Human Figure and Obtaining Perfection
450 BCE- 5th c.
Artworks: Riace warrior,
Adjusting her Sandal
480 BCE- 5th c.
Artworks: Pedimental sculpture of the Temple
of Aphaia and the
Temple of Artemis,
350 BCE- 4th c.
Artworks: Aphrodite of Knidos,Hermes and the Infant Dionysus, Apoxyomenos,
250 BCE- 3rd c.
Artists: Pythokritos, Polydorus, Agesander, Athenodorus
Artworks: Dying Gaul,
Nike of Samothrace,
Old Market Woman,
Laocoon and his Sons
EMOTIONAL, dramatic, exaggeration, movement, individualistic
Classical VS Hellenistic Sculpture
Annotate both images of Discobolus and the seated boxer.
In what ways do these depictions of athletes reveal the artistic and cultural concerns of their respective periods?
(Adapted from Dr. Robert Coad)