(900 - 31 BCE)


Archaic Period: ca. 625-480 B.C.E.

Early Classical Period: ca. 480-450 B.C.E.

High Classical Period: ca. 450-400 B.C.E.

Late Classical Period: ca. 400-330 B.C.E.

Hellenistic Period: ca. 330-31 B.C.E

anavysos kouros
anavysos kouros

27. Anavysos Kouros. Archaic Greek. c. 530 B.C.E. Marble with remnants of paint, height 6’4”. National Archaeological Museum, Athens, Greece.

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28 - Peplos Kore from the Acropolis.jpg
28 - Peplos Kore from the Acropolis.jpg

28. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis. Archaic Greek. c. 530 B.C.E. Marble, painted details, height 4’. Akropolis Museum, Athens, Greece.

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34 - Doryphoros (Spear Bearer).jpg
34 - Doryphoros (Spear Bearer).jpg

34. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer). Polykleitos. Original 450–440 B.C.E. Roman copy (marble) of Greek original (bronze). Height 6’11”, tree trunk and brace strut are Roman additions. National Archaeological Museum, Naples, Italy. Other Roman copies: Basalt torso, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy; Copy 120-150 B.C.E., height 6’4”, Pentelic marble, Minneapolis Institute of Art, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

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36 - Grave stele of Hegeso.jpg
36 - Grave stele of Hegeso.jpg

36. Grave stele of Hegeso. Attributed to Kallimachos. c. 410 B.C.E. Marble and paint, 5’2” high. From the Dipylon cemetery, Athens, Greece. National Archaeological Museum, Athens, Greece.

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33 - Niobides Krater2.jpg
33 - Niobides Krater2.jpg

33. Niobides Krater. Anonymous vase painter of Classical Greece known as the Niobid Painter. c. 460–450 B.C.E. Clay, red-figure technique (white highlights) , 21 ¼” x 22”. Musee du Louvre, Paris, France.

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CONTENT: What do you see?

FORM: The details (what you see more exactly). How the artist delivers the content.

CONTEXT: Everything NOT observable.

FUNCTION: The intended purpose of the work.




UNIT SHEET: below 



Greek Unit Sheet 


27. Anavayos Kouros
28. Peplos Kore

Dying Warrior East Pediment Aphaia

Dying Warrior East Pediment Aphaia (archaic)


Kritios Boy

​Delphi Charioteer


26. Athenian Agora

33. Niobides Krater

34. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)

36. Grave Stele of Hegeso

35. Acropolis and Parthenon

      - Helios, Horses and Dionysus

      - Temple of Athena Nike

      - Victory adjusting her sandal

      - Plaque of the Ergastines

Late Classical:

Aphprodite of Knidos

Hermes and Infant Dionysos



37. Nike of Samothrace

38. Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon

      - Athena (from the Great altar)

      - plan of the Great Altar of Zeus and        

41. Seated Boxer

Laocoon and His Sons

Additional Images:

Greek Orders


APAH 250 Images:

Key Ideas

  • Greeks are interested in the human figure and the idea of perfection.

  • Greek Temples provide a foundation for European architecture and reflects the idea of obtaining perfection with mathematical ratios.

  • The Greek time period starts at around 900 BCE, about 200 years after the collapse of the Mycenaeans.

  • In the 5th century, the Greeks defeated the Persians, though it left Athens in ruins (rebuilt by Pericles) - this is the beginning of the Classical time period.

  • Polykleitos's canon of proportions: The head should be 1/7 of the body. The chiastic stance that expresses the alternating relaxed and stressed muscles.

  • The Peloponnesian War in 432 BCE (lasted about 27 years) devastated and crushed Athens by the victorious Spartan - this is the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

  • Alexander the Great took over and united the Macedonians with the Greeks in the 4th century and after his death, his empire gave into Roman rule.

Greek Unit Sheet:


550 BCE- 6th c.
Artists: unknown

kouroi and korai











Idealization, stylized, 

FRONTAL, rigid


The Path of the Greek Human Figure and Obtaining Perfection


450 BCE- 5th c. 
Artists: Phidias, 

Polyklitos, Myron
Artworks: Riace warrior,



Diskobolos, Nike

Adjusting her Sandal











PERFECTION, self-contained


480 BCE- 5th c.
Artists: Kritios 
Artworks: Pedimental sculpture of the Temple

of Aphaia and the

Temple of Artemis, 

Kritios boy









Contrapposto, movement

Late Classical

350 BCE- 4th c.
Artists: Praxitiles, 

Artworks: Aphrodite of Knidos,Hermes and the Infant Dionysus, Apoxyomenos, 

Farnes Herakles









NATURAL, humanized,

relaxed, elongation


250 BCE- 3rd c.
Artists: Pythokritos, Polydorus, Agesander, Athenodorus 
Artworks: Dying Gaul, 

Nike of Samothrace, 

Barberini Faun,

Seated Boxer, 

Old Market Woman,

Laocoon and his Sons









EMOTIONAL, dramatic, exaggeration, movement, individualistic

Classical VS Hellenistic Sculpture
Annotate both images of Discobolus and the seated boxer.
In what ways do these depictions of athletes reveal the artistic and cultural concerns of their respective periods?

(Adapted from Dr. Robert Coad)