GLOBAL PREHISTORY

(40,000 - 500 B.C.E.)

venus of willendorf.jpg
venus of willendorf.jpg

"Venus" of Willendorf c. 24,000-22,000 BCE Oolitic limestone 4 3/8 inches (11.1 cm) high (Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna)

1 - Apollo 11 stones.jpg
1 - Apollo 11 stones.jpg

1. Apollo 11 stones. Namibia. c. 25,500–25,300 B.C.E. Charcoal on stone. 4 ½” x 5”. State Museum of Namibia, Windhock.

2 - Great Hall of the Bulls. Lascaux, France.jpg
2 - Great Hall of the Bulls. Lascaux, France.jpg

2. Great Hall of the Bulls. Lascaux, France. Paleolithic Europe. 15,000–13,000 B.C.E. Rock painting, length of largest aurock (bull) 18’.

3 - Camelid sacrum in the shape of a canine.jpg
3 - Camelid sacrum in the shape of a canine.jpg

3. Camelid sacrum in the shape of a canine. Tequixquiac, central Mexico. 14,000–7000 B.C.E. Bone. Museo Nacional de Antropologia, Mexico City, Mexico.

4 - Running horned woman c2.jpg
4 - Running horned woman c2.jpg

4. Running horned woman. Tassili n’Ajjer, Algeria. 6000–4000 B.C.E. Pigment on rock.

4 - Running horned woman.jpg
4 - Running horned woman.jpg

4. Running horned woman. Tassili n’Ajjer, Algeria. 6000–4000 B.C.E. Pigment on rock.

5 - Bushel with ibex motifs.jpg
5 - Bushel with ibex motifs.jpg

5. Bushel with ibex motifs. Susa, Iran. 4200–3500 B.C.E. Painted terra cotta, approx. height 11 2/5”, diameter 6 2/5”. Musee du Louvre, Paris, France.

6 - Anthropomorphic stele.jpg
6 - Anthropomorphic stele.jpg

6. Anthropomorphic stele. Arabian Peninsula. Fourth millennium B.C.E. Sandstone, approx. height 36” x width 8”. National Museum, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

7 - Jade Cong c2.jpg
7 - Jade Cong c2.jpg

7. Jade cong. Liangzhu, China. 3300–2200 B.C.E. Carved jade, approx. 1 1/3” high x 5” wide. British Museum, London, England.

CONTENT: What do you see?

FORM: The details (what you see more exactly). How the artist delivers the content.

CONTEXT: Everything NOT observable.

FUNCTION: The intended purpose of the work.

Assignments:

READINGS: 

UNIT Sheet: below

 

SNAPSHOT SHEET: 

 

 

 

 

Global Prehistoric

Unit Sheet:

1.  Apollo 11 stones

2.  Great Hall of the Bulls

3.  Camelid sacrum in the shape of a canine

4.  Running Horned Woman
5.  Beaker with Ibex motifs

6.  Anthropomorphic stele

7.  Jade cong
8.  Stonehenge
9.  The Ambum stone
10. Tlatilco female figurine
11. Terra cotta fragment

Extra image:

Venus of Willendorf

APAH 250 Images:

Ritual and symbolic works might have encouraged the availability of food sources. The first art-making was associated with activities of food production (hunting, agriculture, etc.), showing status, and burial.
Artifacts show human's awareness of fundamental, stable situations/experiences/incidents from astrological events to manipulation of materials available.
Art production was used to connect and influence the natural world to human needs - sustaining life, and fertility.
Animal images and female figuresseem to be connected to shamanistic rituals.
Due to the absence of written records and other contextual information, there is a lack of certainty regarding prehistoric artifacts. Multiple interpretations are presented due to archaeological and ethnographic (study of human cultures) approaches of function and meaning of the works of art.
Context:​

Global Prehistoric

Unit Sheet: