THE NEAR EAST

Ancient Mediterranean

(3500 - 330 BCE)

5 - Bushel with ibex motifs
5 - Bushel with ibex motifs
6 - Anthropomorphic stele
6 - Anthropomorphic stele
12 - White Temple and its ziggurat, Uruk.jpg
12 - White Temple and its ziggurat, Uruk.jpg

12. White Temple and its ziggurat. Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq). Sumerian. c. 3500–3000 B.C.E. Mud brick.

12 - White Temple and its ziggurat, restoration drawing.jpg
12 - White Temple and its ziggurat, restoration drawing.jpg

12. White Temple and its ziggurat. Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq). Sumerian. c. 3500–3000 B.C.E. Mud brick.

14 - Statues of votive figures, from the Square Temple at Eshnunna.jpg
14 - Statues of votive figures, from the Square Temple at Eshnunna.jpg

14. Statues of votive figures, from the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar, Iraq). Sumerian. c. 2700 B.C.E. Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone, height of largest figure approx. 30”. The Oriental Institute Museum, University of Chicago. Also: Iraq Museum, Baghdad, Iraq.

16 - Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur, banquet side (1).jpg
16 - Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur, banquet side (1).jpg

16. Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq). Sumerian. c. 2600–2400 B.C.E. Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone, 8” x 1’7”. British Museum, London, England.

16 - Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur , War scene.jpg
16 - Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur , War scene.jpg

16. Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq). Sumerian. c. 2600–2400 B.C.E. Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone, 8” x 1’7”. British Museum, London, England.

19 - The Code of Hammurabi.jpg
19 - The Code of Hammurabi.jpg

19. The Code of Hammurabi. Babylon (modern Iran). Susian. c. 1792–1750 B.C.E. Basalt, height of stele approx. 7’4”; height of figural relief 28”. Musee du Louvre, Paris, France.

19 - The Code of Hammurabi, detail.jpg
19 - The Code of Hammurabi, detail.jpg

19. The Code of Hammurabi. Babylon (modern Iran). Susian. c. 1792–1750 B.C.E. Basalt, height of stele approx. 7’4”; height of figural relief 28”. Musee du Louvre, Paris, France.

Key Periods:

Sumerian Art: 3500-2332 BCE

Akkadian Art: 2332-2150 BCE

Neo-Sumerian Art: 2150-1600 BCE

Babylonian Art: 2150-1600 BCE

Assyrian Art: 1600-612 BCE

Neo-Babylonian Art: 604- 559 BCE

Persian Art: 525-330 BCE

      Height of Persia ends with destruction of     

      Persepolis by Alexander the Great

CONTENT: What do you see?

FORM: The details (what you see more exactly). How the artist delivers the content.

CONTEXT: Everything NOT observable.

FUNCTION: The intended purpose of the work.

Assignments:

READINGS: 

 

UNIT SHEET: below 

 

SNAPSHOT Sheet:

Ancient Near East Unit Sheet:

Ancient Near East Unit Sheet:

APAH 250 Images:

5.  Beaker with Ibex motifs

6.  Anthropomorphic stele

12. White Temple and ziggurat

14. Statues of votive figures (Sumerian)
16. The Standard of Ur
19. Code of Hammurabi

25. Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II

30. Audience Hall of Darius and Xerxes

      - apadana

      - apadana stairway

Additional Image

Victory Stele of Naram sin

Michael Rakowitz’s assembly of facsimiles replicates through disposable packaging items looted from the National Museum of Iraq.