(800 - 225 BCE)

ETRURIA (PRE-ROME)

31 - Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) model.jpg
31 - Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) model.jpg

31. Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) and sculpture of Apollo. Master sculptor Vulca. c. 510–500 B.C.E. Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock); terra cotta sculpture. - Plan. Based on descriptions by Vitruvius. -Model. University of Rome, Istituto di Etruscologia e Antichita Italiche, Rome, Italy.

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31 - Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) plan and sketch copy.jpg
31 - Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) plan and sketch copy.jpg

31. Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) and sculpture of Apollo. Master sculptor Vulca. c. 510–500 B.C.E. Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock); terra cotta sculpture. - Plan. Based on descriptions by Vitruvius. -Model. University of Rome, Istituto di Etruscologia e Antichita Italiche, Rome, Italy.

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31 - Temple of Minerva, sculpture of Apollo.jpg
31 - Temple of Minerva, sculpture of Apollo.jpg

31. Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) and sculpture of Apollo. Master sculptor Vulca. c. 510–500 B.C.E. Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock); terra cotta sculpture. -Apollo. Master Sculptor Vulca (?). From the temple of Minerva. Portonaccio, Veii. c. 510-500 B.C.E. Painted terra cotta, height 5’10”. Museo Nazionale di Villa Guila, Rome

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32 - Tomb of the Triclinium. Tarquinia, Italy.jpg
32 - Tomb of the Triclinium. Tarquinia, Italy.jpg

32. Tomb of the Triclinium. Tarquinia, Italy. Etruscan. c. 480–470 B.C.E. Tufa and fresco.

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32 - related to the Tomb of the Triclinium. Tarquinia, Italy, Tomb of the Leopar
32 - related to the Tomb of the Triclinium. Tarquinia, Italy, Tomb of the Leopar

32. Tomb of the Triclinium. Tarquinia, Italy. Etruscan. c. 480–470 B.C.E. Tufa and fresco.

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tombofreliefts.jpg
tombofreliefts.jpg
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29 - Sarcophagus of the Spouses.jpg
29 - Sarcophagus of the Spouses.jpg

29. Sarcophagus of the Spouses. Etruscan. c. 520 B.C.E. Terra cotta, length 6’7”. Museo Nazionale di Villa Guila, Rome, Italy. There is a similar sarcophagus in the Musee du Louvre, Paris, France.

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capitoineshewolf.jpeg
capitoineshewolf.jpeg

Capitoline She-Wolf, 500 BCE (figures underneath 15th century CE). Bronze, height 33-1/2",Museo Capitolino, Rome.

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The Orator, 100 BCE
The Orator, 100 BCE

Aule Metele, Aulus Metellus; also known as The Orator, Italian: L'Arringatore,

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CONTENT: What do you see?

FORM: The details (what you see more exactly). How the artist delivers the content.

CONTEXT: Everything NOT observable.

FUNCTION: The intended purpose of the work.

Assignments:

READINGS: 

 

UNIT SHEET: below 

 

SNAPSHOT Sheet:

Etruscan Unit Sheet

APAH 250 Images:

Vocabulary:

necropolis

sarcophagus
terra cotta
portico
tufa
tumulus

pseudo peripteral temple

29. Sarcophagus of the Spouses

31. Temple of Minerva

31. Apollo from Veii

32. Tomb of the Triclinium (Tomb of the Leopards)

Additional Images:

Capitoline Wolf

The Orator


 

Etruscan Unit Sheet:

But how can I tell Greek Temples from Etruscan?

                

 

             Greek Temples                                    Etruscan Temples

Colonnade:

Around entire perimeter.                             Columns only in front.

Steps:

Three steps around perimeter.                   Steps only in front.

Porch:

In front of, and behind, the cella.                Only in front of the cella.

Podium:

Small, consisting of three steps.                 Tall, with steps only in front.

Cella:

One room.                                                      Three rooms.

Pediment:

Closed and decorated with sculpture.        Open and not decorated.

Sculpture:

In pediments, metopes, and frieze.             On the roof.